Hoi4 Fallback Line Vs Garrison

(but used one of Brading's other aliases, Eugene Bradley, by mistake), had his witnesses shot out from under him, and was framed on charges of bribery and extortion. It is one of the most important concepts in Crusader Kings II, as it determines which character the player controls as the heir to the primary title. Liron Shapira. General British Guide* 6. In short, no more Task Force Rogue Ones. Both features need the the full Present extension support in the Xwayland DDX. This is the bi-weekly visible open thread. They didn't feature cylindrical barrels, and it is entirely possible that their beams were generated by some sort of squat emitter at the end of the gun. - Added fallback if ship names were not properly scripted in the database - Fixed the bug when player could call to arms country which was already at war in the war overview - US focus Defense of the Pacific is no longer blocked by Japan having the same ideology as Japan. 21-) If conquered nation doesn’t belong to an existing faction (like Allies or Comintern) there will be no resistance. Lucky for them, after the civil war, families were re-united and now live together. In Allied countries during the war, “The Pacific War” was not usually distinguished from World War II in general, or was known simply as the War against Japan. 1 What Is a Project 1 Trends in Project Management 2 1. Fixed an issue creating links to some entries (depending on how it was named or what journal it was in). Now there is richer garrison (Militia and many types of Line infantry) and also it costs when in siege (so Human campers will not wait for the AI to attack all the time because they may risk bankruptcy). Neither story line elements nor executive mandates can ever truly change this in the long run. The military history of the Soviet Union began in the days following the 1917 October Revolution that brought the Bolsheviks to power. Historically, Omaha Beach was one of the most famous of the beaches due to the extremely heavy defenses, failed plans, and the subsequent lack. , and Dera P. 4 years for their assets (an average depreciation cost of $127 per line as against gross plant investment of $1,836 per line), roughly twice as long as the average cycle of 7. If, in his account, Franco with the aid of the Axis military had taken Gibraltar, the Churchill government would likely of fallen, and a new government, perhaps under Lord Halifax, would been more amenable to a negotiated peace with the Axis powers. Improved AI garrison template design. Pick up your Hearts of Iron IV: Colonel Edition PC copy from Green Man Gaming today and remember to sign in for our best price. Even people who need data would not be at a loss to have AT&T over Verizon, being HSPA+ is a FAR superior fallback to LTE than EV-DO. Developed by a team of experienced modders from the Paradox forum, Darkest Hour is a stand-alone Hearts of Iron game featuring a mixture of short and in-depth campaigns set across the darkest chapters of the 20th century, from the outbreak of the Great War up to the onset of the Cold War. This is a copy of the Ask Vector Prime Facebook page at the latest update. Polaris (birth name Lorna Dane) is a main character on FOX's The Gifted. Merged @garrison I think the NO_GPL line comments went away with my forced push. What most media and NGOs fail to clarify is that this is not some mysterious “famine” that has organically transpired as a result of a war – the Yemeni people are being deliberately starved and that starvation is aided and abetted by the UN and a number of its agencies via the illegitimate Resolution 2216 that. Disabled "Text Toggle on NPC" by default, as it caused confusion for new players. The troika was further infuriated by Karl Radek's article Leon Trotsky — Organizer of Victory [37] published in Pravda on March 14, 1923, which seemed to anoint Trotsky as Lenin's successor. 1 What Is a Project 1 Trends in Project Management 2 1. You can spend days learning on these various subjects from this archive alone. Texas MFM Texas Military Forces Museum, Austin. In may 2007, Verve released her last album, Abbey Sings Abbey. - Garrison order improvements - Fixed AI not using its military factories to their fullest when it is not in need of equipment. Fallback Line. You can use a fallback line behind your lines as a rally point for the troops that you're recruiting. Took map wrap-around line in the Pacific into account when computing a state's center point, correcting East Siberia's center from its previous position in the Norwegian Sea. Disinformation: used to discredit skepticism of the official story. The main differences between whether a battalion is 'support' or 'line' is:. Preparing for Defence (rinse and repeat): A network of fortresses are continued to be built as a fallback line and troops are being routinely enlisted and conscripted, all trained for the inevitable battle that comes forward. In 1787, the year the Constitution was born, Thomas Jefferson famously wrote to a friend, “Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers. The “humanitarian” tragedy in Yemen has been in the news a lot recently. Separated strategies for building ships, airplanes and land units in order to make saves work with roles. With the words of farewell from a garrison valiant and proud: Grieve not little darlin' my dyin' (State of Decay including DLC Breakdown & Lifeline, 2013-2014). A raid is defined in ADRP 1-02 Operational Terms and Military Symbols as, "An operation to temporarily seize an area in order to secure information, confuse an adversary, capture personnel or equipment, or to destroy a. Console commands are ingame commands. Use fallback line orders to establish defensive positions on your borders, shores etc. HoI4 Wiki /r/Paradoxplaza Paradox Forums Can someone clearly explain what fall back lines are for? you can choose wherever you want the fallback line to be. Following the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, for example, an estimated 40,000 Americans joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force and sailed for Europe—three years before the United States declared war on Imperial Germany. Die die please just die what the F--k this game is the most awful dirge of micro management crap my money my money I lost a lot of my hard earned on this madness arggggggggg whaaaaaaaaah sprooooooooom graggggggggg, shut up just shut up this is mad mad mad mad mad add minus remove get another army, fallback make a line fuuuuuuuuuuuuuuurb. This is a great option if you're looking to become a full-time, professional makeup artist. Set up your fallback line behind a river. i question that (part 2) TELLER: My mentor at Central High School, David G. An analogous line of inquiry is found in discussions of mental content. character behaviors. , Normandy to Victory. And that is pure land war we are talking, as Air superiority is waht decides war outcome 80% of the time. The main differences between whether a battalion is 'support' or 'line' is:. We have some mountain infantry, the Corps Expeditionnaire hanging out in Marseilles. By Other Means 3 Reuters is reporting a battalion-sized Operation Dagger following right on the heels of a similarly sized Operation Spear. Case opinion for US Supreme Court JANUS v. HoI4 - Kısa Sorular & Kısa Cevaplar Çıkartmaları tamamen engellemenin en iyi yolu bir orduya deniz sınırı boyunca fallback line emri vermek. Fallback Line. Duitse divisies hadden veel artillerie in de divisie en weinig op hogere niveau's. The player can draw fall-back lines in controlled territory, and that will tell the AI upon order execution to move and deploy its divisions behind the fallback line in the same manner as with a front line, hold the line against enemy assaults, and counter-attack to restore the position if the line is broken. Removed extra AI chance line from choice B of the 'Siberia Refuses' event (757017), and rebalanced remaining AI chance values. In Hearts of Iron 4 drawing fronts and offensive lines can be an art. I do remember he stared speaking just a few minutes before it was. Both sides took heavy losses, though Soviet casualties were nearly three times higher than Japanese casualties, and they lost dozens of tanks. The Lunar Empire is a formable nation of Equestria, led by Princess Luna's initially malevolent alter ego Nightmare Moon. A raid is defined in ADRP 1-02 Operational Terms and Military Symbols as, "An operation to temporarily seize an area in order to secure information, confuse an adversary, capture personnel or equipment, or to destroy a. Battle autocalc improved as requested. TradCatKnight is a one stop shop for all the latest news, videos and information as it relates to traditional catholicism and the times we live in. Separated strategies for building ships, airplanes and land units in order to make saves work with roles. Improved AI garrison template design. The main differences between whether a battalion is 'support' or 'line' is:. Ever since the Garrison, he’s been told to drop the idiot act and be a good astute student, like Keith. - Added fallback if ship names were not properly scripted in the database - Fixed the bug when player could call to arms country which was already at war in the war overview - US focus Defense of the Pacific is no longer blocked by Japan having the same ideology as Japan. Wide borders, in aquamarine, are on the four sides. Instead his enemy was Iverson; back-handed. all of history before AD 2000. 2 Iron Century is now live! In Europe Otto marches on the path to an Empire, Rival Caliphs battle for control of the Muslim world and the last remnants of the vikings stir to the north. Garrison area. This marks the first time the English team has played outside of Britain and makes headline news throughout the Empire, being hailed as a clear sign of The Dominions growing status within the Empire. Godzilla vs. Spear targeted the area of Karbila, right next to the Syrian border at the western end of the Euphrates river line. - Garrison order improvements - Fixed AI not using its military factories to their fullest when it is not in need of equipment. The content of one’s mental states depends largely on what the individual is like internally — on the state of the. [1913 Webster] Faking box, a box in which a long rope is faked; used in the life-saving service for a line attached to a shot. The best unit by far to suppress partisans is the garrison div, especially the garrison div with a Police (MP) brigade. I answered a question like this not too long ago but I've acquired more knowledge since then when it comes to 40 widths. The outer horns of Anguirus' crown began to extend backward, branching out into the antlers of Manda. All spelling, grammatical, and formatting errors are left as is. Both sides took heavy losses, though Soviet casualties were nearly three times higher than Japanese casualties, and they lost dozens of tanks. Makeup schools go into great detail about technique, application, and color theory (and you can check out our list of makeup artist schools in North Carolina below). Garrison emri. The Focus will still be available, but will just form a new faction. You can tell this is alternate history because A) it's NATO vs Warsaw Pact, and B) Ogar evaporated armored pincers in the Fulda Gap. txt) or read online for free. It is now possible to have villagers live in buildings built by the player; Once built, those buildings can be "declared" in a controlled village using the summoning wand. Use fallback line orders to establish defensive positions on your borders, shores etc. Play tons of free online games at Agame. As for the stock market, a bank-induced crash in the Nikkei would hurt but wouldn't be catastrophic. Filed 10/25/17 CERTIFIED FOR PARTIAL PUBLICATION* IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOURTH APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION TWO THE PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent, E060438 v. This page deals with commands used for modding. And that is pure land war we are talking, as Air superiority is waht decides war outcome 80% of the time. Her biggest heartbreak is not knowing who her real father is. A substitute. The Winter Line consisted of the main Gustav Line—anchored in the west on Monte Cassino, the fallback Hitler Line, and the Bernhardt Line, which shielded the western portion of the Gustav Line. In Hearts of Iron 3 Germany is one of the major powers and the key antagonist of the war. If anyone is in trouble anywhere, they can have confidence that Superman will save them, because you can bet he will. During the ’60s the Royal Signals had personnel around the world. Set up your fallback line behind a river. We've worked on performance all over, fixed a whole load of bugs and adapted to the music mods to use the new radios added in 1. the player can draw fall-back lines in controlled territory and that will tell the AI to place its divisions at the fallback line in the same away as it place its divisions at a front line and hold the line against enemy assaults and counter-attack if the line is broken. The global financial, trade and economic system was challenged and is being reset within Trump's "America First" national economic policy. - France should no longer be able to form a faction with a non-existing Czechoslovakia through the Little Entente Focus. pdf), Text File (. From the heart of the battlefield to the command center, you will guide your nation to glory and wage war, negotiate or invade. There is potential to develop "Color-by-Texture" coloring books, similar to paint-by-numbers books, to. In line with this, they created better tactics, concentrated on armor-infantry cooperation, and reformed the Armored Battalion. For the upgrades you could just make is longer and just slightly taller and for. 127 in 1991. Hoi4 Guides and Tips - Free download as PDF File (. – around maginot line focus now a bit faster. From Hearts of Iron 3 Wiki 2. (For earlier pieces in the series, see the right sidebar under "A mind is a difficult thing to change. In February 1945, the Allied advance in northwest Europe resumed, with a huge. - Added names for (unreleased) country tags. 1 showed me how to read and write files. Sovjetdivisies hadden weinig artillerie en waren voor vuursteun afhankelijk van korps en leger eenheden die alleen beschikbaar waren bij een offensief. In most parts of the. We have some mountain infantry, the Corps Expeditionnaire hanging out in Marseilles. And damn, it led me to two large wars, one of which lasted for almost a decade. SMH Society for Military History. I don’t remember how fast a top of the line small plane could fly in 1963. Focuses further down the line will not be affected. You have 10 troops on the frontline and on the fallback line. Yea there is, the angels have the talent in that line up, even with hamilton not there, I think bats like Cron and if joyce can get hot then that can replace. An analogous line of inquiry is found in discussions of mental content. Now, it's only 10%. Studio American Media & The Second Assassination of President John F. Garrison emri. Hearts of Iron IV patch 1. Godzilla vs. The Focus will still be available, but will just form a new faction. The content of one’s mental states depends largely on what the individual is like internally — on the state of the. First Gulf War US vs Iraq by Jimbo 6000pts US attacking strategic town v 3000pts dug in Iraqis I'm on defence and think I’ve got the tactics to defeat the invading imperialists!!. the Deltona Wolves 14-6. Army tactical action: a raid. A booklet of the time (a few pages are shown in this slideshow) refers to personnel of the Royal Signals being deployed in Berlin, Gibraltar, Malta, Cyprus, Libya, Aden, Bahrain, Kenya, Malaya and Singapore. There is potential to develop "Color-by-Texture" coloring books, similar to paint-by-numbers books, to. It's a variation on the French Ordre Mixte. The zombie trend seems a bit off now (it's pirates now: you can add Crossbones to the list) , so I guess that's a good time to mention State of Decay. Read the Court's full decision on FindLaw. Consider, too, that according to Ryken, “. - fixed some buggy behavior with foreign division templates regarding duplication and deployment. Steam Trading Cards related website featuring a Showcase with all Trading Cards, Emoticons, Backgrounds, Artworks and a Trading Bot. " He left it at that, and I later found out that I am to refer to him as "Senior Chief" and only that. The film, just released on DVD, takes its title from Robert Blair Kaiser's 1970 book on the case. The victory improved Olympia's record to 8-3, setting the school record for most wins in a season. Unsurprisingly, the aging military of Republic soon retreated to Mantua, forming a thin fallback line. Makeup schools go into great detail about technique, application, and color theory (and you can check out our list of makeup artist schools in North Carolina below). They had also acquired nearly 200 tanks of various types as war booty during their struggle with the USSR. The zombie trend seems a bit off now (it’s pirates now: you can add Crossbones to the list) , so I guess that’s a good time to mention State of Decay. The decisions around when you'd toggle it on or off are mostly kept in this iteration (vs minions: conserve mana, vs champions: FIRE EVERYTHING), and the gains to reliability outweigh the costs. Stellaris contains a lot of stuff for players to explore and as a result of that, this page contains a lot of information and is therefore rather lengthy, despite its intention of being a beginner's guide. RFK Must Die is Shane O'Sullivan's new documentary on the assassination of Robert Kennedy. By happy accident, I also noticed that if I hearthed back to my garrison, caught a couple of Lunarfall Cavedwellers, and *then* returned to my favorite fishing hole, my catch rate went right back to its usual average of 2 lunkers per lure, as if doing some garrison fishing reset the RNG. Saved from. The commander of each group in the currently selected theatre (or a vague silhouette if it has no commander) appears at the bottom of the screen. This short review hope to start a discussion aimed at finding the widest consensus on which weight range should be considered the "healthiest" for our species, contributing in this way to the picture of what is the correct life style for a long and healthy life span. 1 What Is a Project 1 Trends in Project Management 2 1. Its rough, brown-colored skin began to darken and grow into overlapping, snake-like scales. Scripting is event-based, with Clausewitz engine being optimized to filter and process massive amounts of events on characters and provinces. He walked out the back entrance, towards the forest, Jan following with a duffel bag of her own. You can also talk at the SSC subreddit or the SSC Discord server. But if you want to cover every province so they cant land easily then use the defesive/fallback line and draw it along the coast. Kriegsmarinewerft is a good naval unit tech team, but Raeder is your only really good naval doctrine tech team. It rewards planning over just pointing and clicking your armies around on the fly. Below the box is a line of dingbats, and below that line is a box containing the author name. RootMetrics ’ report makes it Paul Garrison. Brown as their producer, Chaz and James recorded the song “Fallback” in 2002, which was subsequently released on Roxx Records’ Metal Marti Gras compilation. Our basic tips can help you out with the interface, and check out our motivational lecture on how you really ought to put in the time and energy to learn the game properly. Texas MFM Texas Military Forces Museum, Austin. what happens at Wheaton shapes what the evangelical church is like in the United States. 10, "Removing Duplicates from a Sequence while Maintaining Order", was very helpful and I was able to reuse the code in my own script. Garrison area. This marks the first time the English team has played outside of Britain and makes headline news throughout the Empire, being hailed as a clear sign of The Dominions growing status within the Empire. [Hearts of Iron IV] Monarchist Germany vs Fascist Britain vs Socialist USA (or general) with all my infantry divisions whose only job is to hold the line. Without substantial investment, no possibility of victory vs major rivals. And while Iran is obviously a national security issue, I'm struck by the huge disparity between the focus and intensity on Iran vs. It is one of the most important concepts in Crusader Kings II, as it determines which character the player controls as the heir to the primary title. substitute for the judicial forum. Hearts of Iron IV is an epic historical simulator that allows you to experience the Second World War as any country, and perhaps, change history. Instead his enemy was Iverson; back-handed. It's a variation on the French Ordre Mixte. 5M men and around 3000 tanks (well mostly prewar ones, but then it's not like japan had better shit), 10k artillery piece and 3000 planes in the Transbaikal and Siberian military districts. So, looking at the top line production number, the fossil fuel fiesta was full speed ahead, production was UP from 1995 to 1999, but in only four years, they shipped 54% of post-1995 CNE, and here’s the kicker, the rate of depletion in remaining CNE was accelerating. txt) or read online for free. The Russo-Japanese War was a military conflict fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan from 1904 to 1905. They are very useful for falling back in a controlled manner as well by reassigning your attackers to it they will instantly rush back and hold that point instead (I do recommend leaving some. As interesting as the time travel and Godzillasaurus aspects are, it's mind-blowing how long it takes for all of this to play out, and as such how long. Only access to a few carrier enhancing doctrines useful in the late game naval war. Cable TV vs Satellite TV Compare packages and see who is best for you as far as the line up for the money. In line with this, they created better tactics, concentrated on armor-infantry cooperation, and reformed the Armored Battalion. - Arcane Raise - - Occult preRaise - !4RC4N01D! !4RC4N01D! 3: Cold Space !Peace Phantom2! "BUTTS: The VR Experience" #Archery #KILLALLZOMBIES. I don’t remember how fast a top of the line small plane could fly in 1963. From the heart of the battlefield to the command center, you will guide your nation to glory and wage war, negotiate or invade. At Malindi, his fleet came under a barrage of cannon fire from the Portuguese garrison on-shore. Stopped the Focus. Installation 00, also known as the Ark and sometimes translated as Waypoint, is a Forerunner installation from which the entirety of the Halo Array can be activated. 1 But what I am talking about was radically different, a first for both. The On-line Medical -includes definition (English) (indexed 22Jun2002)[141066 words, index = omd] The TCRC Glossary For Testicular Cancer and Related Conditions -includes definition (English), illustration (60KB, indexed 22Jun2002)[169 words, index = aco]. Back in 1990, the Japanese markets represented 30% of global market capitalization. The band requested a release from Rowe Productions, and signed a new contract with Jimmy’s new label. Enlisting Deliverance front-man Jimmy P. 5 Selecting Projects to Meet Organizational Objectives. Took map wrap-around line in the Pacific into account when computing a state's center point, correcting East Siberia's center from its previous position in the Norwegian Sea. Read the Court's full decision on FindLaw. Following the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, for example, an estimated 40,000 Americans joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force and sailed for Europe—three years before the United States declared war on Imperial Germany. 36, making a race to the enemy factories while ignoring the rest of the front usually left you vulnerable. this will be the best hoi4 general tutorial youve probobly ever seen as. com is your trusted partner for the best, online html5 games. Scripting allows to modify dynamically the world and govern A. He is a bull dozer in the ground game, routinely pushing defenders out of their gaps. The troika was further infuriated by Karl Radek's article Leon Trotsky — Organizer of Victory [37] published in Pravda on March 14, 1923, which seemed to anoint Trotsky as Lenin's successor. 1 But what I am talking about was radically different, a first for both. - Garrison order improvements - Fixed AI not using its military factories to their fullest when it is not in need of equipment. So, looking at the top line production number, the fossil fuel fiesta was full speed ahead, production was UP from 1995 to 1999, but in only four years, they shipped 54% of post-1995 CNE, and here’s the kicker, the rate of depletion in remaining CNE was accelerating. It rewards planning over just pointing and clicking your armies around on the fly. i question that (part 2) TELLER: My mentor at Central High School, David G. If they were garrison type infantry, I might be tempted to leave them there, but these Alpine specialists would best be used in, you guessed it, the Alps. Although certain parts of the content is tailored for Hearts of Iron players most of the information is military history, only the initial remarks are mostly Hearts of Iron and methodology specific, so just skip ahead on click on the annotation on the screen. - Arcane Raise - - Occult preRaise - !4RC4N01D! !4RC4N01D! 3: Cold Space !Peace Phantom2! "BUTTS: The VR Experience" #Archery #KILLALLZOMBIES. And damn, it led me to two large wars, one of which lasted for almost a decade. - Added fallback if ship names were not properly scripted in the database - Fixed the bug when player could call to arms country which was already at war in the war overview - US focus Defense of the Pacific is no longer blocked by Japan having the same ideology as Japan. 1 Мини патч 1. In Burma, the IJA is still 45 miles SE of Rangoon. " Thus having tied China's national interests with possession of robust military power, the Mao regime sought to wipe clean the 'century of humiliation' that imperialist China had the morbidity to suffer at the hands of the Western colonising powers and the Japanese aggressors. Now it will produce stuff as long as it has enough resources - an AI chinese warlord that is at war with Japan will now be very eager to join the united front. Your troops will go there after spawning. Die die please just die what the F--k this game is the most awful dirge of micro management crap my money my money I lost a lot of my hard earned on this madness arggggggggg whaaaaaaaaah sprooooooooom graggggggggg, shut up just shut up this is mad mad mad mad mad add minus remove get another army, fallback make a line fuuuuuuuuuuuuuuurb. Command groups allow divisions to be given orders through the battle plans interface, such as assigning to a front and giving a plan of attack, specifying an area to garrison, or giving a fallback line. There are criminals who'll. Pacific War's wiki: The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. all of history before AD 2000. All spelling, grammatical, and formatting errors are left as is. Preparing for Defence (rinse and repeat): A network of fortresses are continued to be built as a fallback line and troops are being routinely enlisted and conscripted, all trained for the inevitable battle that comes forward. The band requested a release from Rowe Productions, and signed a new contract with Jimmy’s new label. The gap [preposition] in the 4th paragraph must be filled with: a) among. STM Sidney T. When you switch on the news and you hear a tale about an innocent family being struck in their house, do you really feel secure? If this make you think then you must pay a look right here https://tr. Ultimately had I known the lovely unprofessionalism of the Axis in advance and how much they would bitch about the coop and how difficult and impossible micromanaging a losing front line combat situation was going to be I would've done what goons were urging me to do which was just camp behind the Dniepr line with like 10 divisions dug in per. In this video I will cover several Infantry Division Layouts from World War II. Hoi4 Guides and Tips - Free download as PDF File (. Although I sometimes think the name of this scenario ought to be The Next Evaporation, as my units vanish just as quickly despite my known bad-habits of ML or LL attacking. Question about why you have a Division with 3 lines of 3 infantry then a 4th line with only 1 infantry. So Ali Bey retreated deeper into the sea and sailed on towards the bigger prize - Mombasa, where he built fortifications on the island to fend off an anticipated Portuguese attack. The home videos recorded by Nyx Sanguino of her 5-year-old Ramses reached scientists, and Dr. Gilchrist adopts the fallback position that even if arbitration is required, the. Just make sure when you garrison areas that you make them only garrison resistance so you don't need as many divisions. Below the box is a line of dingbats, and below that line is a box containing the author name. Disinformation: used to discredit skepticism of the official story. enough armor to stand still for better shots against the screening hovercraft, enough speed to outrun and outmaneuver the heavy armor battalion, and against medium armor it will pretty much be like engaging Ohkas, just with extra false hope. The Lunar Empire is a formable nation of Equestria, led by Princess Luna's initially malevolent alter ego Nightmare Moon. They agreed on a notional line in the Atlantic Ocean beyond which accepted European treaties would not apply. The decisions around when you'd toggle it on or off are mostly kept in this iteration (vs minions: conserve mana, vs champions: FIRE EVERYTHING), and the gains to reliability outweigh the costs. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu's. Hoi4 Fallback Line Vs Garrison.